- World War 2 lasted from 1939 to 1945. It was mostly fought in Europe, in Russia, North Africa and in Asia , Around 60 million people died during it.
World War 2 was fought between two
groups of countries. On one side were the axis
including Germany, Italy and Japan. On the other side were the
They included Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand,
India, the soviet union,
Chinaand the United States of America.
The war took place because Adolf
Hitler wanted germany to rule europe and Japan
wanted to control Asia and the Pacific.
In 1937 Japan attacked China. In 1939 Germany invaded
Poland. This is how World War 2 began.
Some countries did not join the war,
but stayed on neither side. Spain, Sweden and Switzerland were some
of the countries. So was Ireland,
though many Irish people helped the Allies.
In July 1940, German planes started
bombing British coastal towns, defences and ships in the English
Channel in order to gain control of the skies in the South of
By 1943 the allies
were winning. One reason was that
Allied factories were building thousands of tanks, ships and planes.
In 1944, a huge Allied army crossed from Britain to liberate (free)
France. Then Allied armies invaded Germany. By May 1945 the war in
Europe was over.
The Pacific war went on until August
1945. There was fierce fighting on Pacific islands and big naval
battles at sea. Finally, the Allies dropped atomic
bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima
and Nagasaki. The damage was so terrible that Japan surrendered.
World War 2 had ended.
1945 Allied troops freed prisoners from Nazi concentration
camps. In these camps, millions of Jews
and other prisoners had been killed or had died from hunger, disease